Early signs of cancer can be difficult to detect, as symptoms can resemble those of a more serious illness, such as the flu. Also, some cancers, such as lung and pancreatic cancer, do not show warning signs in the early stages. Many cancers have early symptoms, while some are specific cancers. Common symptoms of cancer include:

Unexplained weight loss/gain
Pain that won’t go away
Loss of appetite
Nausea and vomiting
Skin changes, such as rash, redness, tenderness, swelling
Blood in stool, urine, semen, or sputum
Constant coughing or hoarseness
Difficulty emptying the bowels or bladder
Many symptoms share characteristics of other, non-cancerous conditions. If you experience persistent symptoms or other changes in your health, it is important to see your doctor as soon as possible.

In this article:

Symptoms of cancer in men and women
Specific symptoms of cancer
Metastatic tumor symptoms
Cancer diagnosis
Symptoms of cancer in men and women
Although men are more likely to develop cancer than women, many common cancers, including lung, colon, bladder, melanoma, leukemia, and lymphoma, and their symptoms can occur in people of either gender. However, some cancers are gender-specific and may present with unique symptoms.

Symptoms of cancer in men
Cancers in men affect the male reproductive system—the prostate, testicles, and penis. Symptoms of these cancers in men include:

Difficulty urinating
Painful urination or intercourse
Blood in urine or semen
Lumps, growths, or physical changes in the genitals or testicles
Pain in the groin, abdomen or lower back
Learn more about men and cancer

Symptoms of cancer in women
Breast cancer, a cancer specific to women, affects the breast and the female reproductive system. Symptoms of these cancers include:

Bulk or growth
Red, itchy or swollen nipples
The appearance of the breast changes
Discharge from the nipple
Vaginal discharge or bleeding
Abdominal pain
Pain during intercourse
Difficulty urinating
A feeling of bloating or fullness
Learn more about women with cancer

Specific symptoms of cancer
The following symptoms are associated with some types of cancer.

Breast cancer: Common symptoms of breast cancer may include physical changes in one or both breasts, such as swelling, redness, scaly skin, discharge from the nipple, a lump or growth, pain, swelling, or tenderness under the hand.

Colon cancer: Common symptoms of colon cancer include constipation and/or diarrhea, bloody stools or rectal bleeding, cramping, abdominal pain, swelling or fullness, and thin, stringy stools. Other common symptoms of gastrointestinal cancer include gas, bowel/bladder changes, anemia, and/or jaundice.

Prostate Cancer: Common symptoms of prostate cancer include difficulty urinating, burning or pain when urinating, inability to urinate, blood in the semen or urine, difficulty getting an erection, or ejaculation.

Gynecological conditions: Common symptoms of gynecological cancer include abnormal vaginal bleeding (after menstruation, between periods, after intercourse), pain during intercourse, pelvic/back pain, pain during urination, and watery, white, or pink discharge from the vagina. discharge occurs.

Head and neck cancer: Common symptoms of head and neck cancer include persistent pain, difficulty swallowing, voice changes, mouth sores, dry mouth, and changes in appearance and/or taste.

Hematology: Common symptoms of leukemia include flu-like symptoms, fever, chills, joint/bone pain, anemia, night sweats, swollen lymph nodes, itching, persistent cough, shortness of breath, abdominal discomfort, headache pain, easy bruising or bleeding, and/or persistent infection.

Skin cancer: Common symptoms of skin cancer include uneven size, shape, or color of the mole, irregular border or color, diameter (greater than 1/4 inch), itching, pain, and/or discharge around the affected area. symptoms appear. .

Lung cancer: Common symptoms of lung cancer include a persistent cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, hoarseness, shortness of breath, coughing up blood, sputum or mucus, swelling of the neck and face, and/or headache.

Metastatic tumor symptoms
If you have been diagnosed with cancer and the cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body

If the tumor has spread to the bones, symptoms such as joint pain and fractures may occur.
If the tumor has spread to the brain, symptoms may include headaches, speech problems, blurred vision, and dizziness.
If the cancer has spread to the liver, symptoms such as jaundice, bloating and swelling may occur.
If the cancer has spread to the lungs, you may experience shortness of breath or a persistent cough.
An accurate diagnosis is important in determining whether your cancer has spread and in developing a treatment plan that is tailored to your needs.

Learn more about metastasis

Cancer diagnosis
It is important to consult a medical professional if you notice any symptoms of cancer. The doctor will first perform a medical evaluation, including diagnostic tests to confirm the presence of disease, and then, if necessary, to correctly determine the shape, location, size and stage of the tumor. An accurate diagnosis of cancer helps doctors choose the appropriate treatment.

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