- You see too much.
When blood glucose levels rise, your body tries to compensate by filtering the excess blood sugar through the kidneys. The kidneys then remove the glucose from the body in the urine, which increases the frequency of urination. They are also more prone to urinary tract infections and frequent urination at night.
- You are always thirsty
Because your kidneys have to urinate more often, your body becomes dehydrated, leading to dehydration. You can also be dry and dehydrated all the time. You may also notice that your mouth is very dry.
- You are always hungry
When you have diabetes, your body doesn’t use the energy from the food you eat properly. There is glucose in the blood, but your cells cannot absorb it and they start to lack energy. In response, the cells contact the pancreas and tell it that it needs more energy. The pancreas increases the amount of insulin in the body, which signals to the brain that you are hungry.
- Suddenly you are tired
If you suddenly feel weak, it may be due to diabetes. Weakness occurs between excessive urination and dehydration from lack of cellular energy. Diabetes is more common in uncontrolled people.
- Your skin will be very dry.
Another symptom of diabetes is dry and itchy skin. High blood sugar and poor circulation can cause skin swelling and increase the risk of infection.
- You create dark spots
In addition to dry skin, blackheads appear on the skin, especially when the skin itself is reddened. These patches, called acanthosis nigricans, usually appear on the neck, armpits, and groin. The skin can be velvety or thick.
- Takes a long time to heal
With diabetes, cellular energy is depleted and blood circulation is disturbed, so recovery is slow. Even minor cuts and scrapes can take weeks or months to heal, but prolonged healing can increase the risk of a skin infection.
- Your vision becomes blurry
High blood sugar can damage the small blood vessels in the eyes and cause vision loss. When diabetes is better controlled, vision often returns, but if left untreated, permanent blindness can result.
- You have cramps in your arms and legs.
Diabetes affects circulation and causes permanent damage to the nerves in the body. This damage, called neuropathy, usually occurs in the hands and feet, and the joints become swollen or inflamed. This can cause pain or a tingling sensation.
- You have thrush
Yeast is naturally present in small amounts, but excess sugar in diabetes often leads to yeast infections. These infections occur on the genitals, armpits, and mouth and are sometimes called thrush.