Many women have a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, without even knowing it. Often, women with PCOS have irregular periods, facial hair, and acne, especially on the chin, lips, and sides. It is the result of a hormonal imbalance, which is often, but not always, the case. PCOS directly causes cysts on the ovaries. Although these cysts are harmless, they can cause hormonal imbalances that can lead to infrequent or prolonged periods, excess hair growth, acne, and obesity.

Early diagnosis of PCOS is also important to prevent long-term complications such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

What causes PCOS?

Doctors don’t know exactly what causes PCOS, but there are several theories about some risk factors: Excess insulin: Too much insulin can increase the production of androgens (male hormones) in the ovaries, which can interfere with ovarian function. The ability to ovulate correctly.

Mild inflammation: Studies show that women with PCOS have mild inflammation, which can cause polycystic ovaries to produce androgens.– Heredity: PCOS can run in families, so if your mother or sister has it, you have more of it. and a chance to get.


Although the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome begin shortly after a woman starts menstruating, PCOS can also develop in her later reproductive years. There are many signs to watch out for; However, individuals may be affected differently, and symptoms may worsen with obesity.

The Mayo Clinic and WebMD say to watch out for the following symptoms:

Irregular menstruation. This is one of the most common symptoms of PCOS. Some examples include cycles of 35 days or more, fewer than 8 periods per year, long or heavy periods, and absence of periods for four months or more.

Excess facial and body hair. You may notice hair growing on your chin, chest, back, stomach, and even your toes.

Mood..You will feel depressed and moody. Feeling a little down?

Acne.PCOS can lead to acne or very oily skin. Acne can be very deep and painful.

Problems with insulin levels. Excess insulin interferes with proper ovarian function. Treatment.

Treatment for PCOS varies from person to person. Your doctor may prescribe lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise, to help you lose weight. Your doctor may prescribe birth control pills to help reduce your periods and androgen production.

Every patient is different, so if you recognize any of the symptoms, talk to your doctor to get a diagnosis and learn the best way to treat PCOS and symptoms.

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